Home » Aksara » Buku » Rekonstruksi Sejarah Masuknya Islam Ke Jawa
Buku Arus Cina-Islam-Jawa (Foto: Gbgerakbudaya.com)
Buku Arus Cina-Islam-Jawa (Foto: Gbgerakbudaya.com)

Rekonstruksi Sejarah Masuknya Islam Ke Jawa

3/5 (2)

Judul buku: Arus Cina-Islam-Jawa; Bongkar Sejarah Atas Peranan Tionghoa Dalam Penyebaran Agama Islam Di Nusantara Abad XV&XVI
Penulis: Sumanto Al Qurtuby
Penerbit: INSPEAL dan INTI
Cetakan: II (edisi revisi), Nopember 2003
Tebal: 311 halaman + indeks

 

Sejauh ini, perbincangan mengenai sejarah masuknya Islam ke Indonesia masih didominasi dua teori yang sudah klasik dan klise, serta disinyalir penulis buku ini mengandung penanaman ideologi otentisitas. Bias ideologi otentisitas itu kira-kira menyatakan, kalau Islam yang datang ke Nusantara bukan berasal dari tanah Arab atau Timur Tengah, maka nilai kesahihan dan ke-afdhal-annya akan dipertanyakan.

Makanya, teori pertama tentang datangnya Islam di Nusantara menyatakan bahwa Islam dibawa ke Nusantara oleh para pedagang yang berasal dari Arab/Timur Tengah. Teori ini dikenal sebagai teori Arab, dan dipegang oleh Crawfurd, Niemann, de Holander.

Bahkan Fazlur Rahman juga mengikuti mazhab ini (Rahman: 1968). Kedua adalah teori India. Teori ini menyatakan bahwa Islam yang datang ke Nusantara berasal dari India. Pelopor mazhab ini adalah Pijnapel yang kemudian diteliti lebih lanjut oleh Snouck, Fatimi, Vlekke, Gonda, dan Schrieke (Drewes: 1985; Azra: 1999).

Terlepas dari dua teori di atas, para sejarahwan umumnya melupakan satu komunitas yang juga memberikan kontribusi cukup besar atas berkembangnya Islam di Nusantara, khususnya Jawa. Mereka adalah komunitas Cina-muslim.

Meskipun selama ini terdapat beberapa kajian tentang muslim Cina di Jawa, tapi uraiannya sangat terbatas, partikular dan spesifik (hanya menyakup aspek-aspek tertentu saja) di samping sumber-sumber yang dipakai untuk merekonstruksi sejarah juga masih terbatas. Makanya, sampai kini bisa dikatakan, belum ada satu karya ilmiah yang membahas secara ekstensif mengenai kontribusi muslim Cina di Indonesia.

Padahal, eksistensi Cina-muslim pada awal perkembangan Islam di Jawa tidak hanya ditunjukkan oleh kesaksian-kesaksian para pengelana asing, sumber-sumber Cina, teks lokal Jawa maupun tradisi lisan saja, melainkan juga dibuktikan pelbagai peninggalan purbakala Islam di Jawa.

Ini mengisaratkan adanya Pengaruh Cina yang cukup kuat, sehingga menimbulkan dugaan bahwa pada bentangan abad ke-15/16 telah terjalin apa yang disebut Sino-Javanese Muslim Culture.

Ukiran padas di masjid kuno Mantingan-Jepara, menara masjid pecinaan Banten, konstruksi pintu makam Sunan Giri di Gresik, arsitektur keraton Cirebon beserta taman Sunyaragi, konstruksi masjid Demak –terutama soko tatal penyangga masjid beserta lambang kura-kura, konstruksi masjid Sekayu di Semarang dan sebagainya, semuanya menunjukkan pengaruh budaya Cina yang cukup kuat.

Bukti lain dapat ditambah dari dua bangunan masjid yang berdiri megah di Jakarta, yakni masjid Kali Angke yang dihubungkan dengan Gouw Tjay dan Masjid Kebun Jeruk yang didirikan oleh Tamien Dosol Seeng dan Nyonya Cai.

Nah, pelacakan Sumanto dalam buku ini tidak berhenti di situ. Ia mendapati bahwa pada nama tokoh yang menjadi agen sejarah, ternyata telah terjadiverbastering dari nama Cina ke nama Jawa. Nama Bong Ping Nang misalnya, kemudian terkenal dengan nama Bonang.

Raden Fatah yang punya julukan pangeran Jin Bun, dalam bahasa Cina berarti “yang gagah”. Raden Sahid (nama lain Sunan Kalijaga) berasal dari kata “sa-it” (sa = 3, dan it = 1; maksudnya 31) sebagai peringatan waktu kelahirannya di masa ayahnya berusia 31 tahun.

Dengan ditemukannya beberapa fakta sejarah di atas, seharusnya etnis Cina mendapatkan perlakukan yang proposional dari pihak pribumi, khususnya warga muslim. Sikap ramah perlu mereka tunjukkan kepada mereka, sebagaimana sikap terhadap warga negara Indonesia asli keturunan Arab, India, atau Eropa. Namun yang terjadi sepanjang sejarah dan saat ini justru sebaliknya.

Pada etnis Cina sebagai komunitas etnis, di mata masyarakat telah melekat sifat-sifat yang mengandung unsur peyoratif seperti kikir, eksklusif, hingga identik dengan Konghuchu. Inilah sebagian pandangan yang diwariskan pihak Belanda kepada masyarakat Jawa di saat institusi kolonial itu mulai mengukuhkan hegemoninya di negeri ini.

Sikap antipati yang diwarisi dari Belanda itu berawal dari hubungan harmonis yang terjalin antara masyarakat Jawa dengan etnis Cina, baik di bidang ekonomi, sosial, maupun politik pada zaman Belanda mulai menjajah Indonesia.

Demi melihat itu semua, kontan Belanda merasa tersaingi, terutama di dalam bidang perdagangan. Puncaknya, Jendral Andrian Valckeiner, mengadakan pembantaian massal atas etnis Cina, yang kemudian dikenal dengan chinezenmoord (pembantaian orang Cina) yang terjadi pada bulan oktober tahun 1740.

Setelah tragedi itu, di Kudus juga terjadi pertikaian yang disulut oleh semangat anti-Cina. Ini belum lagi ditambahkan berbagai peristiwa berdarah di negeri ini yang melampiaskan objek kemarahannya pada etnis Cina pada umumnya.

Tidak hanya berhenti disitu, setelah peristiwa 1740, VOC mengeluarkan kebijakan yang disebut passenstelsel, yakni keharusan bagi setiap orang Cina untuk mempunyai surat jalan khusus apabila hendak bepergian ke luar distrik tempat dia tinggal.

Selain passenstelsel, VOC juga mengeluarkan peraturanwijkenstelsel. Peraturan ini melarang orang Cina untuk tinggal di tengah kota dan mengharuskan mereka membangun “gettho-gettho” berupa pecinan sebagai tempat tinggal.

Kedua kebijakan tersebut bermaksud agar mereka mudah diawasi dan dikontrol. Inilah salah satu bentuk politik rasialisme anti-Cina pertama di Jawa, yang lambat laun menciptakan status “in-group” dan“out-group” dalam lapisan masyarakat.Kategori ini kelak menciptakan segregasi sosial-politik-ekonomi Cina dengan pribumi.

Namun argumen yang dipaparkan di atas bukan berarti melegitimasi etnis Cina –baik muslim maupun non muslim– untuk meminta penghargaan atas kontribusi nenek moyang mereka atas islamisasi Jawa, dengan penghormatan yang layak tanpa memperbaiki sikap dengan cara menunjukkan iktikad baik dalam bersosialisasi dengan pribumi. Yang seharusnya terjadi di antara etnis Cina –muslim dan non muslim– dengan pribumi adalah simbiosis mutualisme.

Para sejarahwan yang menyangsikan kontribusi Cina-muslim atas Islamisasi Jawa, umumnya berangkat dari kenyataan sejarah bahwa aliran keagamaan yang dibawa dan dikembagkan oleh Cina-muslim adalah mazhab Hanafi yang berciri rasionalistik. Sedangkan penduduk muslim di Indonesia mayoritas mengikuti mazhab Syafi’i.

Alasan paling mungkin untuk menjelaskan fenomena ini adalah telah terjadi perpindahan mazhab beberapa muslim dari Hanafi ke Syafi’i. Hal itu didorong oleh realitas sosiologis masyarakat Jawa yang tidak memungkinkan persemaian mazhab Hanafi yang rasionalistik. Sebaliknya mazhab Syafi’i dinilai lebih kompatibel dengan semangat kebudayaan masyarakat Jawa yang tidak bisa dilepaskan dari tradisi lokal (local tradition).

Daerah yang dijadikan sebagai objek kajian oleh Sumanto adalah Jawa. Satu hal yang membedakan antara tesis yang dihasilkan penulis buku ini dengan Azyumardi Azra dalam bukunya Jaringan Ulama Timur Tengah dan Kepulauan Nusantara Abad XVII dan XVIII. Objek kajian yang diteliti Azyumardi Azra adalah Sumatra, selain faktor waktu yang diteliti oleh keduanya juga berbeda.

Hanya saja, itu semua tidak mengurangi nilai penting buku ini sebagai sebuah dokumen analisis sejarah. Buku ini mencoba memotret lebih jauh peranan yang dimainkan etnis Cina-muslin dalam proses islamisasi Jawa pada bentangan abad XV dan XVI.

Tujuan buku ini, dengan menganalisis dan mengungkap sisi sejarah masa itu, diharapkan sentimen primordialistik dan semangat anti-Cina yang sudah lama mengakar di dalam persepsi masyarakat Indonesia sedikit demi sedikit dapat berkurang atau hilang sama sekali. Semoga saja!

Silahkan nilai tulisan ini

102 comments

  1. This is a topic close to my heart cheers, where are your contact details though?

  2. Can I just say what a reduction to seek out someone who truly is aware of what theyre speaking about on the internet. You undoubtedly know the best way to bring a problem to mild and make it important. More people have to read this and perceive this aspect of the story. I cant imagine youre no more popular because you undoubtedly have the gift.

  3. I regard something genuinely interesting about your weblog so I saved to favorites.

  4. I would like to thnkx for the efforts you’ve put in writing this site. I am hoping the same high-grade website post from you in the upcoming also. Actually your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own site now. Really the blogging is spreading its wings fast. Your write up is a good example of it.

  5. I was recommended this blog by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my problem. You’re wonderful! Thanks!

  6. Thank you for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do a little research on this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more from this post. I’m very glad to see such fantastic info being shared freely out there.

  7. Hey There. I stumbled upon your site using msn. This really is a very well written article.
    I am going to be sure to bookmark it and return to learn more of your
    useful info. Thank you for the post. I will certainly comeback.

  8. I truly prize your work, Great post.

  9. Thanks for sharing excellent informations. Your website is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you’ve on this web site. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for more articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found simply the info I already searched all over the place and just couldn’t come across. What an ideal web-site.

  10. It?¦s actually a cool and helpful piece of info. I am happy that you just shared this useful information with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  11. Good day! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after checking through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m definitely delighted I found it and I’ll be book-marking and checking back often!

  12. Hi there, just changed into aware of your blog via Google, and located that it is truly informative. I am gonna be careful for brussels. I’ll appreciate if you proceed this in future. Many other people will likely be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  13. I’d like to find out more? I’d want to find out some additional information.

  14. I whenever accustomed to study bit of writing in news papers however right now while i am a user of internet so from now I am just using net for posts, thanks to
    web.

  15. I’ve been browsing online more than three hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all website owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the internet will be much more useful than ever before.

  16. Incredible quest there. What occurred after? Be mindful!

  17. Hi! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and say I really enjoy reading through your blog posts. Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same subjects? Appreciate it!

  18. I haven’t checked in here for some time because I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are great quality so I guess I’ll add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  19. I would like to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in writing this blog. I am hoping the same high-grade site post from you in the upcoming as well. In fact your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own blog now. Really the blogging is spreading its wings fast. Your write up is a good example of it.

  20. Fantastic goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you’re just extremely excellent. I really like what you have acquired here, really like what you are saying and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you still take care of to keep it smart. I cant wait to read much more from you. This is actually a great site.

  21. Fantastic website. Plenty of helpful information here. I am sending it to a few buddies ans additionally sharing in delicious. And naturally, thank you for your sweat!

  22. Unquestionably imagine that which you said. Your favorite reason seemed to be on the net
    the easiest thing to have in mind of. I say to you, I definitely get annoyed
    whilst folks think about concerns that they just don’t realize
    about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined
    out the whole thing with no need side effect , folks could take a signal.

    Will probably be again to get more. Thanks

  23. I’m still learning from you, while I’m making my way to the top as well. I absolutely love reading all that is written on your site.Keep the information coming. I enjoyed it!

  24. cartierbraceletlove Eu também discordo desse índice Big Mac,pois a carne bovina no Brasil é sabidamente mais barata que muitos Países,principalmente asiáticos como o Japão!,por tabela,o Big Mac tem tendência a ser mais barato aqui no Brasil,pois o principal insumo é mais abundante e barato no Brasil,o certo,na minha opinião,é itens industrializados globais,e nisso,nós perdemos de lavada,pois desde radinho até caminhão,é bem mais caro que a maioria dos Países…
    cartier ballon bleu leather strap fake http://www.sawristwatches.com/

  25. Good info. Lucky me I reach on your website by accident, I bookmarked it.

  26. I just could not go away your website prior to suggesting that I extremely loved the usual information an individual provide for your guests? Is going to be back often to investigate cross-check new posts.

  27. Wow, superb blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?
    you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is fantastic,
    let alone the content!

  28. Link exchange is nothing else but it is actually only placing the other person’s
    website link in your page at proper place and other person may also do similar for you.

  29. I like this post, enjoyed this one thankyou for putting up.

  30. I dugg some of you post as I cerebrated they were very useful very helpful

  31. Keep this going please, great job!

  32. My brother recommended I may like this web site. He used to be
    totally right. This post actually made my day. You can not imagine simply how much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

  33. I delight in, lead to I found just what I was looking for.
    You have ended my 4 day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a nice
    day. Bye

  34. Wonderful goods of your stuff, man. I’ve consider your stuff prior to and
    you’re just too wonderful. I really like what you’ve acquired here, really like what you happen to be saying and the simplest way during
    which you assert it. You’re making it enjoyable and you consistently take care of to stay it smart.

    I are unable to wait to learn much more of your stuff. This can be really a wonderful website.

  35. I conceive other website proprietors should take this web site as an example , very clean and superb user pleasant style and design.

  36. Howdy! This article could not be written any better!

    Looking through this article reminds me of my previous roommate!
    He constantly kept preaching about this. I am going to send this post to him.
    Fairly certain he will have got a great read. Thanks a lot for sharing!

  37. Hello There. I found your blog site using msn. This can be a very well written article.
    I’ll ensure to bookmark it and return to see more of your useful information. I appreciate you the post.
    I’ll certainly comeback.

  38. Hello there, I came across your site through Google while in search of a related matter, your website got
    here up, it seems to be like great. I’ve bookmarked it within my
    google bookmarks.
    Hi there, just changed into alert to your blog
    through Google, and found that it really is really informative.

    I am gonna watch out for brussels. I will appreciate if you proceed this in future.

    Many folks shall be benefited out of your writing.

    Cheers!

  39. Thanks , I’ve just been searching for info approximately this subject for a while and yours is the best I have discovered till now. However, what in regards to the conclusion? Are you positive about the source?

  40. I am not real great with English but I come up this rattling easygoing to translate.

  41. Hello i am kavin, its my first time to commenting
    anyplace, when i read this post i thought i could also create comment due
    to this good post.

  42. Hello, you used to write great, but the last several posts have been kinda boring… I miss your super writings. Past few posts are just a little bit out of track! come on!

  43. We are a gaggle of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community.

    Your website offered us with helpful info to function on. You’ve performed
    a remarkable activity and our entire community may be thankful to you personally.

  44. I found myself curious should you ever thought about changing the structure of your respective site?
    Its very well written; I really like what youve reached say.
    But you could possibly could a little bit more when it comes to content so people could get in touch with it better.

    Youve got a great deal of text for just having one or 2 images.
    You may could space it all out better?

  45. Excellent post. I was checking continuously this blog and I am impressed! Very helpful information specially the last part 🙂 I care for such info a lot. I was seeking this certain information for a long time. Thank you and best of luck.

  46. Hi, just required you to know I he added your site to my Google bookmarks due to your layout. But seriously, I believe your internet site has 1 in the freshest theme I??ve came across. It extremely helps make reading your blog significantly easier.

  47. I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is attractive, your authored material stylish.
    nonetheless, you command get bought an edginess over that you wish be delivering the following.

    unwell unquestionably come more formerly again since exactly the same nearly a lot often inside case you shield this hike.

  48. Really informative and superb body structure of content, now that’s user friendly (:.

  49. Thanks on the marvelous posting! I genuinely enjoyed reading it, you
    may be a great author. I will ensure that I bookmark your website and may often revisit someday.
    I wish to encourage you to definitely ultimately continue your great job, possess a nice day!

  50. I used to be able to find good information from your articles.

  51. We stumbled right here provided by a different page and thought I may too check things out.

    I like what I see so now i’m following you. Look ahead to looking at your internet page
    to get a second time.

  52. WONDERFUL Post.thanks for share..more wait .. …

  53. Hi there, I actually do believe your online site might
    be having web browser compatibility problems. Whenever I review your blog in Safari, it
    seems fine however, when opening in Internet Explorer, it’s got some overlapping issues.
    I simply wanted to offer you a quick heads up! Aside
    from that, wonderful site!

  54. In the event you would like to get a good price using this article then you have to apply such strategies to your won website.

  55. Fantastic beat ! I want to apprentice as you amend your website,
    how can i subscribe for a blog website? The account helped us a acceptable deal.
    I had been just a little bit acquainted on this your broadcast provided bright clear concept

  56. Wonderful goods on your part, man. I actually have
    understand your stuff previous to and you’re just too excellent.
    I really like what you may have acquired here, certainly like what you will
    be saying and how where you say it. You will make it enjoyable and you also still take care of to keep it sensible.
    I cant wait to read through a lot more on your
    part. This is actually a great website.

  57. It can be perfect time for you to make some plans for the near future and it’s a chance to be happy.
    I’ve learn this create of course, if I may I would like to suggest you some
    fascinating issues or advice. Maybe you can write subsequent
    articles regarding this article. I want to learn much more things about it!

  58. It’s amazing to pay a visit this website and reading the views of all mates concerning this paragraph,
    while I am also zealous of getting familiarity.

  59. Hello are using WordPress for your site platform?

    I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and set up my own. Do you require any coding expertise to make your own blog?
    Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  60. Aw, this was a very nice post. In idea I want to put in writing like this additionally – taking time and actual effort to make an excellent article… however what can I say… I procrastinate alot and not at all seem to get something done.

  61. Heya i’m for the 1st time here. I found this board and
    I find It really helpful & it helped me out a good deal. I hope to offer one
    important thing again and aid others such as you helped me.

  62. I’ve been browsing on-line greater than three hours as of late, yet I by no means found any fascinating article like yours. It¦s pretty price sufficient for me. Personally, if all webmasters and bloggers made just right content as you probably did, the web can be a lot more helpful than ever before.

  63. Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this website before but after reading through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely delighted I found it and I’ll be bookmarking and checking back often!

  64. Hi there! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this article to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thank you for sharing!

  65. Hi there would you mind stating which blog platform you’re using?
    I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m having a difficult time deciding between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and
    Drupal. The reason I ask is because your design seems different then most
    blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique.
    P.S Apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

  66. Greate article. Keep writing such kind of information on your page.

    Im really impressed by your site.
    Hi there, You’ve done an incredible job. I will definitely digg it and personally suggest
    to my friends. I am confident they’ll be benefited from this website.

  67. Hey there! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would
    be ok. I’m definitely enjoying your blog and look forward to new updates.

  68. Can you tell us more about this? I’d love to find out more details.

  69. To start with I want to say awesome blog! I needed a
    quick question by which I’d like to ask when you don’t mind.
    I had been interested to find out the way you center yourself and clear your face before writing.
    I have got had a hard time clearing my mind in obtaining my thoughts out.
    I truly do take pleasure in writing but it
    just may seem like the very first ten or fifteen minutes are usually
    wasted just considering where to start. Any suggestions or hints?
    Thank you!

  70. Hello, I think your site might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your blog in Ie, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping.

    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, superb blog!

  71. Hi there! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us so I came to check it
    out. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers!
    Outstanding blog and amazing style and design.

  72. That is very fascinating, You are an excessively professional blogger.
    I have joined your rss feed and sit up for in the hunt for extra of your fantastic post.
    Also, I have shared your web site in my social networks

  73. Hi! Someone in my Myspace group shared this website with us so I came to give it a look.
    I’m definitely loving the information. I’m book-marking
    and will be tweeting this to my followers! Great blog and great design.

  74. Hmm it seems like your blog ate my first comment (it
    was extremely long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up a few things i had written and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying
    your website. I too am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still unfamiliar with everything.
    Do you possess any suggestions for first-time blog writers?

    I’d genuinely appreciate it.

  75. Hmm it seems much like your website ate my first comment
    (it was actually super long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I wrote and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog
    site. I at the same time am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still unfamiliar with everything.
    Do you have any suggestions for novice blog writers? I’d really appreciate
    it.

  76. Do you have any video of that? I’d love to find out some additional
    information.

  77. Hey! I could have sworn I’ve been to this website before but after checking through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely glad I found it and I’ll be bookmarking and checking back frequently!

  78. We are a gaggle of volunteers and starting a brand
    new scheme in our community. Your website provided us with valuable information to work on. You have done a formidable activity and our whole group can be thankful to you.

  79. F*ckin¦ awesome things here. I am very satisfied to see your article. Thanks a lot and i am taking a look ahead to touch you. Will you please drop me a mail?

  80. Once I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a remark is added I get four emails with the identical comment. Is there any way you may remove me from that service? Thanks!

  81. Regards for this wonderful post, I am glad I found this website on yahoo.

  82. Hello There. I found your weblog the usage of
    msn. This is a very smartly written article. I’ll make sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful info.
    Thank you for the post. I’ll certainly return.

  83. Thanks for any other informative web site. Where else could I get that type of info written in such a perfect approach?
    I’ve a challenge that I am just now operating on, and I have been at the
    look out for such information.

  84. I really like your writing style, wonderful information, regards for putting up : D.

  85. Thank you for another great post. Where else may anybody get that kind of information in such a
    perfect manner of writing? I’ve a presentation next week, and I am at the
    search for such info.

  86. I will immediately grab your rss feed as I can not find your email subscription link or newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Please let me know so that I could subscribe. Thanks.

  87. I’m not sure exactly why but this website is loading extremely slow for me. Is anyone else having this issue or is it a issue on my end? I’ll check back later and see if the problem still exists.

  88. Hello it’s me, I am also visiting this site daily,
    this site is really nice and the users are actually sharing
    good thoughts.

  89. Thank you a lot for providing individuals with an extremely wonderful chance to read critical reviews from this website. It is often very superb plus jam-packed with amusement for me and my office mates to visit the blog nearly three times in 7 days to learn the latest things you have. Not to mention, I’m just always fascinated considering the fantastic guidelines you give. Some 2 tips in this post are certainly the best we’ve had.
    [url=http://belgesell.net/showthread.php?tid=184705]estateSl[/url]

  90. Hi, this weekend is fastidious designed for me, for the reason that this time i am reading this enormous educational article
    here at my home.

  91. Hello! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and say I really enjoy reading your posts.
    Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that deal with
    the same topics? Appreciate it!

  92. Hey there, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility
    issues. When I look at your blog in Ie, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer,
    it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!
    Other then that, terrific blog!

  93. Undeniably imagine that which you stated. Your favorite reason seemed to be
    at the internet the simplest factor to take note of. I say to you, I definitely get
    annoyed even as folks think about worries that they just don’t recognise about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also
    outlined out the entire thing with no need side effect , other folks can take
    a signal. Will probably be again to get more.
    Thank you

  94. Whoa! This blog looks just like my old one! It’s on a completely different subject but it has pretty much the same layout and design. Outstanding choice of colors!

  95. Hey there, I think your website might be having browser compatibility
    issues. When I look at your website in Firefox, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping.
    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, amazing blog!

  96. With havin so much content do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright infringement? My blog has a lot of unique content I’ve either written myself or outsourced but it appears a lot of it is popping it up all over the web without my agreement. Do you know any ways to help protect against content from being ripped off? I’d definitely appreciate it.

  97. Keep this going please, great job!

  98. This information is priceless. How can I find out more?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.